10th Vietnam 1971 problems

A1.  m, n, r, s are positive integers such that: (1) m < n and r < s; (2) m and n are relatively prime, and r and s are relatively prime; and (3) tan-1m/n + tan-1r/s = π/4. Given m and n, find r and s. Given n and s, find m and r. Given m and s, find n and r.
B1.  ABCDA'B'C'D' is a cube (with ABCD and A'B'C'D' faces, and AA', BB', CC', DD' edges). L is a line which intersects or is parallel to the lines AA', BC and DB'. L meets the line BC at M (which may be the point at infinity). Let m = |BM|. The plane MAA' meets the line B'C' at E. Show that |B'E| = m. The plane MDB' meets the line A'D' at F. Show that |D'F| = m. Hence or otherwise show how to construct the point P at the intersection of L and the plane A'B'C'D'. Find the distance between P and the line A'B' and the distance between P and the line A'D' in terms of m. Find a relation between these two distances that does not depend on m. Find the locus of M. Let S be the envelope of the line L as M varies. Find the intersection of S with the faces of the cube.

To avoid possible copyright problems, I have changed the wording, but not the substance, of the problems.

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© John Scholes
23 July 2002